STDs affect men and women. This will also decrease the risk of transmitting the infection to your partner. Unusual discharge from the penis or vagina Sores or warts on the genital area Burning while urinating Itching and redness in the genital area Anal itching, soreness, or bleeding Fast Facts Sexually transmitted diseases STDs are infections that you can get from having sex with someone who has the infection.
Syphilis usually is treated with one or more injections of penicillin. For some STDs, treatment may involve taking drugs or getting a shot. You should also call your doctor if your sex partner has had an STD, even if you have no symptoms. If you are sexually active, you can reduce your risk of getting STDs by practicing "safe sex. Gonorrhea requires a direct sample from the tip of the penis, cervix or rectum. Not having sex Having sex only with one uninfected person Consistently using male latex condoms during sexual activity Remember, although condoms can help reduce your exposure to STDs, they are not foolproof. Taking antiviral medicine every day may reduce the frequency of attacks by 80 percent in people who have frequent episodes of severe genital herpes. Similar measures may be done with any visible sores. Genital herpes is a lifelong infection with no cure. Most physicians urge patients to tell their sex partners if they have an STD so that their partners can seek medical attention. Also your doctor may prescribe an immune boosting cream to help fight the virus. Researchers supported by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases are looking for better methods to diagnose, treat, and prevent STDs. In patients with trichomoniasis, chlamydia, or gonorrhea, treatment with antibiotics can dramatically shorten the duration of symptoms. In addition, your doctor may swab the tip of the penis in men, take a sample of any cervical discharge in women or take a sample from the rectum. Treatment The treatment of STDs depends on the infection. When To Call A Professional Call your doctor immediately if you find a sore in your genital area or if you notice an abnormal discharge from your urethra or vagina. For example, painful sores would suggest genital herpes, whereas painless ulcers may indicate syphilis. The causes of STDs are bacteria, parasites, and viruses. In this way, you can begin treatment for your infection as soon as possible, even before results of laboratory tests are available. HAART medications must be taken every day for the rest of your life. However, they can be treated with medications. Treatment The treatment depends on the type of STD. Prognosis Most STDs respond well to treatment. For other STDs that can't be cured, like herpes, there is treatment to relieve the symptoms. But with regular medical attention, monitoring and treatment, most people with HIV live for many years with minimal or no symptoms. Blood tests can also be done to see if you have antibodies infection-fighting proteins against the herpes virus, which would indicate that you have been infected at some time in the past. Pain during sexual intercourse Diagnosis If your doctor suspects that you may be infected with an STD, he or she will ask how many sexual partners you have had and if any of them have had an STD.
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Signs and Symptoms of STDs
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