The use of RHT among men already engaging in risk behavior appears to be beneficial in terms of HIV prevention, however, what is concerning is the use of RHT as a rationale for forgoing the use of condoms. The publisher's final edited version of this article is available at Prev Sci See other articles in PMC that cite the published article. Furthermore, it is possible that RHT will be or is currently being used as a means of learning one's own and one's partner's HIV status prior to engaging in condomless intercourse. For drug use, we asked participants how often they used nitrate inhalants, cocaine, ecstasy, methamphetamine, or Viagra, Levitra, or Cialis without a prescription in the past six months. We used generalized linear modeling to assess factors associated with their willingness to use RHT.
One hundred forty-nine men were excluded due to reporting heterosexual identity and no male sex partners, and six men were excluded for reporting race other than African-American. Both groups reported similar educational levels 14 years-corresponding to some college. There have always been men — black and white — who have had secret sexual lives with men. A small percentage of men did identify as heterosexual although they did report male sex partners and reported not being out about their sexual orientation. These measures have been used and evaluated in prior research Schroder et al. Positive test results are considered preliminary and those who use RHT are encouraged to follow-up with confirmatory testing with a health care provider if they test positive at home. Furthermore, it is possible that RHT will be or is currently being used as a means of learning one's own and one's partner's HIV status prior to engaging in condomless intercourse. This scenario is problematic due to the presence of acute infection - a time period in which an individual will test HIV anti-body negative, yet be highly infectious. Next, we asked participants to report numbers of partners with whom they had done the following with: We provide chi-square and non-parametric Mann-Whitney U tests for identifying group differences between men who report HIV negative vs. The authors of a study of the down-low on Craigslist. All festival attendees over the age of 18 who provided consent were eligible for the study. We used the following items to assess alcohol use: Yet, there is evidence that RHT could be an important tool in preventing HIV infection among men who are engaging in high risk behavior Balan et al. Alternatively, the "Brokeback" white bisexual when seen as bisexual at all is often described in pitying language as a victimized homosexual man who is forced into the closet by the heterosexist society around him. PASW Statistics version He argued that the "Down Low" black bisexual is often described negatively as a duplicitous heterosexual man whose behaviors threaten the black community. Other DL men form romantic relationships with men and may even be peripheral participants in mainstream gay culture, all unknown to their colleagues and families. Participants were also provided informed consent prior to data collection and names were not obtained at any time. For example, from a conceptual standpoint, it is unclear if willingness to use RHT would be related to sexual risk taking. Given that the effectiveness of using RHT for HIV prevention may be dependent on sexual risk taking profiles, it is important to understand how sexual risk taking is related to RHT use. The risks of bisexuality among black men are exacerbated by incarceration, homophobia, drug use, and the prison and public health focus on surveillance rather than prevention. And more than one in four of these bisexual men have unsafe sex with both kinds of partners. We provide descriptive data including means and standard deviations, or numbers and percentages for all variables. Data regarding knowledge and willingness to use RHT, however, is very limited. We then conducted multivariate analyses, using generalized linear modeling, in order to identify factors uniquely associated with willingness to use RHT. Although the idea of testing for HIV outside of a clinic is not new FDA ; McCarthy , receiving rapid tests results in non-clinical settings is and, as a result, potentially creates new opportunities for HIV prevention Arnold
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